I am concerned about my gums. How serious can periodontal disease get?
Gum disease not only affects the gums and the inside of your mouth, it also affects your entire body!
If you have gum disease you are also running the risk of many other problems, such as:
- Heart disease
- Lung disease
- Gastric ulcers
- Pre-term babies
The only way to prevent problems like these from occurring is to care for your gums.
What are the stages of periodontal disease?
Gingivitis is an early stage of gum disease. Gums become tender, swollen and likely to bleed. This generally can be stopped with proper oral hygiene and treatment from your dentist.
At this moderate stage of gum disease, the gums deteriorate and begin detaching themselves from the teeth forming gum pockets, which allows plaque to collect below the gum line. This causes tooth roots to become susceptible to decay.
This is an advanced stage of gum tissue and bone loss. Teeth become loose and may even need to be extracted. This causes difficulties in normal everyday chewing and biting habits. If advanced periodontal disease is left untreated, patients run the risk of other serious health problems.
What are the treatments for gum disease?
Scaling is necessary when plaque and tartar are detected at or below the gum line. Plaque and tartar are then scraped off the tooth’s crown and root by a dental professional.
In many cases after scaling, the tooth’s surface is smoothed by root planing.
Antibiotics or irrigation with anti-microbials (chemical agents or mouth rinses) may also be required to help control the growth of bacteria that can lead to a build-up of toxins and cause periodontitis.
Often gum tissues around the necks of the teeth recede due to periodontal disease, genetically thin tissue, or aggressive oral hygiene. As a result of recession, tooth roots often become sensitive to cold. We can perform a variety of periodontal tissue augmentation procedures which can cover sensitive or unaesthetic root exposures. In addition to improving aesthetics, tissue grafting procedures provide a thicker band of tissue around the necks of treated teeth which improves a long-term prognosis.
My gums are healthy but my teeth are too short. What can be done?
Your teeth may actually be the proper lengths, but they are covered with too much gum tissue. Crown lengthening is a procedure to correct this condition.
During this procedure, excess gum and bone tissue is re-shaped to expose more of the natural tooth. This can be done to one tooth, to even your gum line, or to several teeth to expose a natural, broad smile.
Call a New Haven Dental Group dentist office now, we look forward to caring for you very well!